Candid street photography, or candid portraits, can be some of the most interesting photos captured in everyday places. Heading out into the crowd with a camera is exhilarating and intimidating at the same time. Great photographic scenes play out on the streets right before your very eyes, but people are quick to recognize the camera and ruin the opportunity. Being covert without being creepy — it's all part of the game we call street photography (and quite different from traditional portrait photography).
DISCLAIMER: I'm not suggesting that anything and everything is either legal or moral in street photography situations. Know the laws and use your best judgment. For further reading on the subject, see this Wikipedia article on Street Photography.
I know this is a debated topic among photographers, but the point of this article isn't to start an argument about the rights and wrongs of candid portraits. The point of this article is to introduce some tips and techniques with example photos for those interested in this style of photography — this is by no means a complete guide to street photography. So here we go…
1. USE A LONG LENS
If you want a good candid, keep a bit of distance from the subject. Once people are aware of your camera, they're likely to pay more attention and your chances of getting a true candid go down. I'm not saying you should roll around with a 400mm lens, but anything under 85mm or 100mm is going to be fairly close-range. This one was taken with a 105mm on a 1.5x crop sensor — so about 160mm equiv.
2. SNEAK UP FROM BEHIND
Obviously it's harder to get a candid shot from the front than from behind, but sometimes you have to take what you can get. If you like the scene and your subject is staring off into the distance, take a shot. Sometimes getting a shot without the face can add a bit of mystery to the photo too.
3. WATCH THE BENCHES
The hard part of catching a candid portrait is that people are moving, things are passing in front of your view, and your window of opportunity passes quickly. People generally sit on benches, which means they're not moving around too much and they might be there for more than 5 seconds. Look for the subjects that are focused on some task, such as feeding birds or reading a paper.
4. KEEP YOUR EARS OPEN
Your eyes are your primary sensor for photography, but keep your ears open too — especially when your face is pressed up against the back of the camera. You can often hear opportunities coming your way, sometimes before you can even see them.
5. SHOOT THE PERFORMERS
Street performers are great fun to photograph. They expect that people will take their photo during the performance, so you need not worry about ticking them off. Plus, they're usually good characters and make for great portraits. Just don't forget to throw a few bucks their way — they aren't usually out there for the pure fun of it.
6. FIND GROUP GATHERINGS
If you see a group of people congregating for whatever reason, this is a good chance to mix with the crowd and get up close for some candids. Gatherings can take many forms: drum circles (shown below), protests, rallies, parades, etc.
7. DON'T FORGET THE BACKGROUND
A lot of times it's hard enough to get a good candid shot of the subject, so worrying about the background seems secondary. But if you find a good strong background, get the composition all set up and wait for the subjects to enter the scene.
8. GET OFF THE STREETS
Street photography doesn't necessarily have to be done on the streets. Any place where there are people, there will be an opportunity for some candid portraits. So things like public buildings, beaches, parks, etc.
9. FIND A SPOT AND WAIT
I've used this technique from time to time with good results. Find a spot that you like — something with an interesting composition, pattern, or background. Now envision somebody in that scene as you'd like to take the photo. Get all set up… and wait for it. Somebody will eventually walk into the scene and you'll get your shot.
10. USE A WIDE LENS
Not all portraits need to be up-close and personal. Use a wide lens from time to time and capture more of the surroundings than the person — but use the person as an anchor for the composition.
11. SOMETIMES YOU JUST GET CAUGHT…
If you're going to take candid photos of people on the streets, be prepared to get caught. Also be prepared for anything from a friendly conversation to unfriendly confrontation to physical assault. All I'm saying is be mindful.
I'm interested to hear from all of you on this topic. Leave a comment and/or tip in the comments below… maybe we can pull together another follow-up article full of tips and photos from the readers.